Arnica montana is a mountain plant, which is also evident from the adjective “montana” (in Latin, mons means mountain and montana means mountainous. The old German name “Wohlverlei” (gives good) indicates its special healing effects. Other German folk terms, such as “Fallkraut” (fall herb) or “Bruchkraut” (break herb), indicate its use for treatment from a blunt object injury.
Arnika is a herbaceous perennial plant that grows 20 to 70 cm tall. The stem is glandular and hairy, with a single flower basket. The leaves are flattened and rosette. Yellow flowers appear between May and August. Dried inflorescences are suitable for medicinal use. Pharmacologically important ingredients are sesquiterpene lactones, flavonoids, coumarins, caffeic acid derivatives and essential oil.
Arnica did not come into general use until a relatively recent century, the 17th century. Since then it has been used to such an extent that it has been nearly exterminated in Central Europe and is still on the list of endangered species today. For this reason, and also because the true mountain arnica is difficult to cultivate, the use of North American glitter arnica has been formally approved for medicinal purposes.
The Arnica plant is known for its healing properties. It can be applied to the skin in order to heal bruises more quickly, soothe inflammation, ease muscle pain, and even alleviate stiffness caused by arthritis or other joint injuries.
It’s also a potent skincare ingredient. Arnica can help fight dandruff and support a healthy scalp while also being used to treat acne or insect bites.
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