Mentha aquatica. Watermint; Mentha arvensis. Cornmint/Peppermint; Mentha piperita. Peppermint; Mentha spicata. Spearmint

Botany: Closely related perennial aromatic herbs with runners or stolons by which they are propagated. Leaves of spearmint are sessile (no petioles) while those of peppermint and cornmint are petioled and short petioled. They grow up to 1 m high, and are cultivated worldwide. There are 20 true species of Mentha, represented as 2300 named variations.

Products: Parts used are the dried leaves and the fresh or partially dried whole, above-ground flowering plant. The former furnishes the herb, while the latter is used for the production of the essential oil. USA is the major producer of peppermint and spearmint. Major producers of cornmint are Japan, Taiwan and Brazil.

Mentha piperita botanical extract, essential oil
Typical minty fragrance with mentholic undertones.

Mentha spicata botanical extract, essential oil
The aroma of spearmint is not as sharp and intense or vital as peppermint, as it contains no menthol. It is often described a slightly fruity aroma.

The mint oil has antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory properties.


Mentha piperita botanical extract, essential oil
Traditional use: Peppermint has a clean, clearing, penetrating odour. It is used as a breath freshener. It is invigorating and is used to bathe tired and sweaty feet. It has a cooling effect on the body.

The mint oils (especially spearmint oil) are commonly used as fragrance components in toothpaste, mouthwashes, gargles, soaps, detergents, creams, lotions, and perfumes.


Eye contact with unwashed hands after the application of peppermint oil may potentially cause irritation.

Peppermint oil should not be applied on broken or irritated skin.

Hypersensitivity reactions such as skin rash, contact dermatitis, and eye irritation have been reported. These reactions are mostly mild and transient. The frequency is not known. Irritation of the skin and mucosa of the nose is possible, after local application. The frequency is not known.

No case of overdose has been reported.